Tongue-Ties, Lip-Ties and Cheek-Ties are a form of oral restriction known as Tethered-Oral Tissues (TOTs).
When these tissues are tight, not long enough or flexible enough, they may limit movement, interfere with many oral functions and cause significant health problems.
A restricted tongue or lip may interfere with your baby’s ability to latch properly. This can cause nursing difficulties like poor weight gain, colic, spitting up, frequent feedings. It may be painful and frustrating for both you and the baby.
Children with TOTs can often show a delay in speech or speech errors beyond typical development. Some children spend years in speech therapy only to discover that their fluency problems and articulation errors are related to restricted tongue movement.
Sleep issues, ranging from restless sleep to sleep apnea, has been often linked to tongue restrictions and poor tongue posture. Symptoms like ADHD/ADD, bed-wetting, night terrors, poor school performance, snoring and mouth breathing are just some of the outer signs of this underlying root cause.
TOTs can impact children as they progress to pureed food, cup-drinking, straw-drinking and solid foods. They have trouble clearing the spoon with the upper lip or closing the lips together to swallow. Sometimes children are referred to feeding specialists because the are "picky eaters" or "refuse to eat”.
Proper dental growth and development also depends on the tongue’s ability to rest against the palate and move freely in the mouth. A tongue-tie can restrict the movement of the tongue, and change the growth and development of the dental bones and teeth.